Hasta la victoria siempre

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

Lectii de fericire din Bangladesh

Este prima postare in care prezint concluziile unui studiu ce demonstreaza slaba legatura dintre bani si fericire pe care eu insumi nu le-am luat initial in serios. Mai exact, dintr-un articol publicat la 12 martie 2009 pe saitul http://www.daijiworld.com si intitulat "London: World Happiness Survey - Bangladesh is Happiest Nation in World!" aflam ca un studiu efectuat de London School of Economics arata ca Bangladesh este cea mai fericita natiune de pe planeta.

"Would you believe it, Bangladesh is the happiest nation in the world! The United States, on the other hand, is a sad story: it ranks only 46th in the World Happiness Survey. That's way behind India, the fifth happiest place in the world, and others including Ghana and Latvia, Croatia and Estonia. Research led by London School of Economics professors into the link between personal spending power and the perceived quality of life has conclusively proved that money can buy everything but happiness. The study revealed that people in Bangladesh, one of the poorest countries in the world, derive far more happiness from their small incomes than, for example, the British (32nd on the list) do from their relatively large bank balances."

Iata deci ca oamenii din Bangladesh, cu venituri banesti infinit mai mici decat britanicii, de exemplu, sunt considerabil mai multumiti de viata lor. In plus, pana si India, Gana, Letonia sau Croatia prezinta niveluri de multumire mai mari decat Marea Britanie si chiar mult mai mari decat SUA! Pe aceeasi tema "In fact, people in most rich countries including Austria, Netherlands, Switzerland, Canada, Japan and others are much more unhappier than their poorer counterparts in countries like the Dominican Republic and Armenia."

Exista in continuare o legatura pozitiva intre bani si fericire in tarile sarace, dar care se estompeaza dupa un anumit prag modest, peste care conteaza relatiile inter-umane, sanatatea si satisfactia la locul de munca: "The new study shows that such a link still exists in poor countries because a small increase in income can mean large improvements in lifestyle. However, beyond a certain income-level that direct relationship breaks down. According to the research, happiness in rich countries now is far more dependent on close personal relationships, good health and job satisfaction."

Inca neincrezator in rezultatele unui studiu ce plaseaza statul Bengal in topul natiunilor fericite si multumite de viata lor, cu un venit pe cap de locuitor in 2006 de 1400$ (media internationala fiind de 10,200$), caut un alt material pe aceasta tema si gasesc un alt studiu, numit
"Well-being, Happiness and Why Relationships Matter: Evidence from Bangladesh", realizat de trei cercetatori (Laura Camfield, Kaneta Choudhury si Joe Devine de la Wellbeing in Developing Countries ESRC Research Group, University of Bath) si publicat in prestigioasa Journal of Happiness Studies, martie 2009.
Dintr-o versiune draft a lucrarii, accesate aici, aflam mai multe detalii:

"Although Bangladesh is known as one of the poorest and most densely populated countries in the world, qualitative research and anecdotal evidence suggests its people report levels of happiness that are higher than those found in many other countries. This includes ‘developed’ countries where people have larger per capita incomes and can access a wider range of public services and goods."

Un alt citat ce merita retinut este trimiterea autorilor la un alt studiu, in care se evidentiaza nivelul ridicat de satisfactie de viata a locuitorilor din zonele defavorizate ale Indiei: "For example Biswas-Diener and Diener’s (2001) study of the life satisfaction of slum dwellers in Calcutta finds inter alia that the respondents report satisfactory social lives, rewarding family
lives and a belief that they lead moral lives. Thus they conclude that “while the poor of Calcutta do not lead enviable lives, they do lead meaningful lives” (Biswas-Diener and Diener, 2001:349)."

Care este insa secretul fericirii populatiei din Bangladesh?
"Our findings from Bangladesh confirm the view that other factors besides income are important contributors to wellbeing. Participants in the research clearly value their family and community relationships, their competences and achievements, the knowledge that they have done all they can to fulfil their obligations and responsibilities in life, and that they have acquired a level of social respect and recognition. Of these, it is the centrality of various types of relationships that emerges strongly from our findings. This is consistent with other studies internationally, which suggest that relationships are highly correlated with subjective wellbeing. This may be because ‘relatedness’ is a ‘fundamental psychological need’ and central to eudaimonic as well as hedonic wellbeing."

Pe scurt, relatiile familiale si comunitare, responsabilitatea fata de societate, specializarea in anumite domenii de munca, respectul din partea celorlalti si recunoasterea lor. Iata cum deschiderea fata de nevoile societatii si respectul si atentia fata de aproapele sunt capabile sa sporeasca gradul de fericire al intregii populatii mult peste ceea ce ar spera adeptii materialismului consumersit si individualist de factura capitalista. Iata cum fericirea poate fi atinsa fara stres, fara competitie, fara invidie, consum exacerbat, goana dupa status. Si iata ca nu e necesar sa batjocorim resursele planetei pentru a ne spori starea de bine. Saracul si supra-populatul Stat Bengal devine un exemplu admirabil al fericirii fara bani si o dovada ca o astfel de mentalitate poate fi pusa in practica cu succes la scara unei intregi societati.
Evident, saracia extrema nu este de dorit nicaieri si ea poate fi oricand o amenintare la adresa fericirii, insa devine tot mai clar ca nivelul material necesar si suficient pentru bunastarea fiecarui membru al societatii nu este nici pe departe nevoie sa concureze cu cel al unor tari precum SUA, UK sau Australia.

2 comments:

venceremos said...

O lectie de fericire din partea Bangladesh-ului..
Simplitatea, relatiile prietenoase si familia sunt oricand de natura sa intreaca fetisul banilor pe scara fericirii...uitati-va unde se afla consumeristii din USA si Marea Britanie...consumeristii NU SUNT FERICITI !!

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