Hasta la victoria siempre

Thursday, December 17, 2009

O confirmare recenta

Studiul „From wealth to well-being? Money matters, but less than people think”, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4 (6), 523-527, trei cercetatori, adica Lara B. Aknin; Michael I. Norton; Elizabeth W. Dunn, demonstreaza falsitatea credintei, raspandita in randul persoanelor obisnuite, fara cunostinte de psihologie, potrivit careia banii ar spori semnificativ fericirea.
In introducerea materialului, ce trei puncteaza:

„While numerous studies have documented the modest (though reliable) link between household income and well-being, we examined the accuracy of laypeople’s intuitions about this relationship by asking people from across the income spectrum to report their own happiness and to predict the happiness of others (Study 1) and themselves (Study 2) at different income levels. Data from two national surveys revealed that while laypeople’s predictions were relatively accurate at higher levels of income, they greatly overestimated the impact of income on life satisfaction at lower income levels, expecting low household income to be coupled with very low life satisfaction. Thus, people may work hard to maintain or increase their income in part because they overestimate the hedonic costs of earning low levels of income.„

Asadar, oamenii muncesc mult pentru a castiga sau mentine un stadiu material cat mai ridicat, cand de fapt fericirea nu depinde, nici macar in cazul gospodariilor modeste material, de sporirea averii.
Autorii conchid: "We demonstrate that adult Americans erroneously believe that earning less than the median household income is associated with severely diminished happiness," the researchers said. "[This is] a false belief that may lead many people to chase opportunities for increased wealth or forgo a reduction in income for increased free time."

Asadar, o mare parte din actiunile pe care le luam in sensul imbunatatirii situatiei materiale devint inutile, daca nu chiar daunatoare, caci nu fac decat sa ne limiteze timpul liber. Dupa cum se scrie pe blogul Research Digest, tinut de The British Psychological Society,

„With dogged determination we lie, rob, borrow, gamble and sometimes work too, in the hope of boosting our income. So zealous is our pursuit of money, it's as if we think it will somehow make us happier. Strangely enough, whilst psychologists and economists have conducted numerous studies showing that the relationship between income and happiness is weak, only one prior study has asked what lay people really believe about money and happiness (and this was focused on middle-income, working women). It's into this empirical desert that Lara Aknin and colleagues arrive with a survey of hundreds of North Americans of mixed age, gender and wealth. Aknin's team have found that people do indeed overestimate the link between money and happiness, especially at lower levels of income.”

De retinut deci faptul ca un nou studiu, cat se poate de recent, verifica cele spuse pe bolgul nostru: banii nu sporesc semnificativ fericirea nici a celor bogati, nici macar a celor mai putin bogati; credinta in efectele benefice ale materialismului este una iluzorie, chiar daca destui o accepta. Renuntarea la materialism, munca in exces si preferarea activitatilor de timp liber sunt confirmate ca alegeri rationale ale celui (celei) ce urmareste sporirea propriei fericiri.


Cătălin said...

Salut, şi bine te-am găsit!
Am descoperit saitul din întâmplare, am lecturat, pare foarte bine documentat şi pot spune că sunt impresionat pentru efortul care-l faci. O să mai revin pentru informaţie de bună calitate! Cu respect, Cătălin.

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