Hasta la victoria siempre

Friday, December 18, 2009

Cu consumeristii la psiholog

In materialul „Money or mental health: the cost of alleviating psychological distress with monetary compensation versus psychological therapy”, Health Economics Policy and Law, 2009, doi specialisti in psihologie sustin o concluzie plauzibila: consilierea psihologica este de zeci de ori mai eficienta in imbunatatirea starii de bine decat primirea unor cresteri consistente de bani.
Intr-un rezumat facut pe saitul Science Daily se arata:

„Chris Boyce of the University of Warwick and Alex Wood of the University of Manchester compared large data sets where 1000s of people had reported on their well-being. They then looked at how well-being changed due to therapy compared to getting sudden increases in income, such as through lottery wins or pay rises. They found that a 4 month course of psychological therapy had a large effect on well-being. They then showed that the increase in well-being from an £800 course of therapy was so large that it would take a pay rise of over £25,000 to achieve an equivalent increase in well-being. The research therefore demonstrates that psychological therapy could be 32 times more cost effective at making you happy than simply obtaining more money.”

Asadar, o terapie psihologica tinuta timp de 4 luni are aceleasi efecte pentru psihicul uman ca si o cresterea a salariului cu 25.000 lire sterline. Ce concluzie tragem de aici? Aceea ca fericirea umana poate fi obtinuta prin mijloace mult mai la indemana si mai putin costisitoare, financiar si din punct de vedere al resurselor, decat consumerismul actual.
Din nou, cei de la Science Daily puncteaza corect:

„Governments pursue economic growth in the belief that it will raise the well-being of its citizens. However, the research suggests that more money only leads to tiny increases in happiness and is an inefficient way to increase the happiness of a population. This research suggests that if policy makers were concerned about improving well-being they would be better off increasing the access and availability of mental health care as opposed to increasing economic growth. This research helps to highlight how relatively ineffective extra income is at raising well-being.”

Culmea ironiei, in ultimii 50 de ani de isterie consumista, nu numai ca fericirea nu a crescut, dar numarul de bolnavi psihici s-a marit exponential. Din chiar materialul celor doi psihologi, aflam ca „Mental health is deteriorating across the world – improvements to mental health care might be a more efficient way to increase the health and happiness of our nations than pure income growth.”

Thursday, December 17, 2009

O confirmare recenta

Studiul „From wealth to well-being? Money matters, but less than people think”, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4 (6), 523-527, trei cercetatori, adica Lara B. Aknin; Michael I. Norton; Elizabeth W. Dunn, demonstreaza falsitatea credintei, raspandita in randul persoanelor obisnuite, fara cunostinte de psihologie, potrivit careia banii ar spori semnificativ fericirea.
In introducerea materialului, ce trei puncteaza:

„While numerous studies have documented the modest (though reliable) link between household income and well-being, we examined the accuracy of laypeople’s intuitions about this relationship by asking people from across the income spectrum to report their own happiness and to predict the happiness of others (Study 1) and themselves (Study 2) at different income levels. Data from two national surveys revealed that while laypeople’s predictions were relatively accurate at higher levels of income, they greatly overestimated the impact of income on life satisfaction at lower income levels, expecting low household income to be coupled with very low life satisfaction. Thus, people may work hard to maintain or increase their income in part because they overestimate the hedonic costs of earning low levels of income.„

Asadar, oamenii muncesc mult pentru a castiga sau mentine un stadiu material cat mai ridicat, cand de fapt fericirea nu depinde, nici macar in cazul gospodariilor modeste material, de sporirea averii.
Autorii conchid: "We demonstrate that adult Americans erroneously believe that earning less than the median household income is associated with severely diminished happiness," the researchers said. "[This is] a false belief that may lead many people to chase opportunities for increased wealth or forgo a reduction in income for increased free time."

Asadar, o mare parte din actiunile pe care le luam in sensul imbunatatirii situatiei materiale devint inutile, daca nu chiar daunatoare, caci nu fac decat sa ne limiteze timpul liber. Dupa cum se scrie pe blogul Research Digest, tinut de The British Psychological Society,

„With dogged determination we lie, rob, borrow, gamble and sometimes work too, in the hope of boosting our income. So zealous is our pursuit of money, it's as if we think it will somehow make us happier. Strangely enough, whilst psychologists and economists have conducted numerous studies showing that the relationship between income and happiness is weak, only one prior study has asked what lay people really believe about money and happiness (and this was focused on middle-income, working women). It's into this empirical desert that Lara Aknin and colleagues arrive with a survey of hundreds of North Americans of mixed age, gender and wealth. Aknin's team have found that people do indeed overestimate the link between money and happiness, especially at lower levels of income.”

De retinut deci faptul ca un nou studiu, cat se poate de recent, verifica cele spuse pe bolgul nostru: banii nu sporesc semnificativ fericirea nici a celor bogati, nici macar a celor mai putin bogati; credinta in efectele benefice ale materialismului este una iluzorie, chiar daca destui o accepta. Renuntarea la materialism, munca in exces si preferarea activitatilor de timp liber sunt confirmate ca alegeri rationale ale celui (celei) ce urmareste sporirea propriei fericiri.